Strengthening WiFi router security for home network 

My WiFi network got hacked as well as of my neighbors. I had trouble getting reliable network in other parts of house because many unknown devices kept connecting to my network. Same is true with neighbors.

Look at devices names

  • android-d30a64368136fc1 14:1A:A3:8A:8B:4A MOTOROLA MOBILITY LLC, A LENOVO COMPANY
  • android-c84b9e4c6410d964 34:BB:26:08:00:7d Motorola Mobility LLC, USA
  • android-4bda3cc13c03e41e F8:CF:C5:4D:71:58 MOTOROLA MOBILITY LLC, A LENOVO COMPANY
  • android-b2aa46d340f80770 F8:84:F2:D8:00:C2 Samsung Electronics Co.,Ltd, SOUTH KOREA

All these are weirdly named devices that were named as so to avoid being detected. Most probably, MAC addresses are also spoofed one.

I did some research on password crackers tools for WiFi and saw below links. All these claim to be legal but who stopped thieves from using AK 47?

It turns out that first level of attack is via WPS which is open by default on almost all home routers. Another problem factor is DHCP. We do not really need either of these if we can use technology in right way.

Another protection would be to hide broadcasting of SSID name of WiFi network. This will make it a bit difficult to do quick dictionary level attack on network. Most probably, hardware detection would be needed to scan all wifi signal in the vicinity to figure if an unknown WiFi is broadcasting.

Passphrase off course should be somewhere 30 to 40 characters long. 15 character alphanumeric is easy to break.

If living in apartment complex, one good idea would be to check neighbors to see if they are also hacked. Collecting hacker device names from them can help convince society to throw out unwanted elements, read data thieves, from building.

Additionally, MAC filtering can be enabled although it seems that it is very easy to spoof MAC addresses even on mobiles.

Some tools that are useful in detecting hacked WiFi or getting to know if any unknown devices are on network are as follows

  • Fing Android App  This tells the list of devices connected on the WiFi whee the android mobile is connected.
  • Acrylic WiFi can be used to list out the characteristics of WiFis around us. This gives rating of network security and stuff like that. It also tells if WPS is enabled. Disable WPS if you see it enabled for your SSID and see that network safety rating goes up from 2 to 5.
  • WiFi Analyzer is a tool on Android to find out the strength of WiFi signal in graphical manner. If you see too much overlap from other routers. just reboot router once to get new interference free channel.

Avoid spam in your inbox & stop tracking

Opt out of Analytic services

On the wordpress settings page, there is link to the opt out page of third party tracking provider Kissmetrics. After opting out of this, you will come to the page https://www.kissmetrics.com/user-privacy#optout which provides choice to opt out pages of some others as perhaps revenge.

https://www.inspectlet.com/optout has normal opt out option.

You will need to open these links on each of your browsers, systems and users.

Avoid image upload in email

As explained at in ars technica, marketers are able to track us when we decide to click on display images below option in email clients. I too was doing it naively till now. So, beware when clicking on display images option.

Avoid unsubscribing or opting out from unknown mailers

Many a times, mass mailers send deceptively similar mails from known entities. You may thus receive mail sent by some random guy looking like a mail sent by ICICI. It will have unsubscribe link also. Clicking on the link will make sure that the marketer knows that your account belongs to a normal human. Before clicking on unsubscribe link, make sure to see sender id. If it is unknown domain, mark the mail as spam and delete without doing anything wit it.

Opt out of ad networks in 3 minutes

As pointed out by ZDNet and WSJ,  you can opt out of 99 ad networks in 3 minutes. Do it now by going to Network Advertising Initiative consumer choice page. You will need to repeat it multiple times on multiple browsers, but its worth it.