Airtel 4G Dongle, Metered connection and Delivery Optimization

Windows 10 has a setting named “Metered connection” that can be used to mark a WiFi network as metered connection which then disables many data hungry features. One of those features is “Delivery optimization” that allows windows to download updates from many other PCs besides from windows update servers. This also make our own PC as seeder and this feature is enabled by default. As it can be guessed, this is a problem on limited connections. Many people may be using lot of bandwidth unknowingly uploading windows update bits on behalf of Microsoft without Microsoft paying them anything. Microsoft has converted entire windows 10 ecosystem as a giant network sharing update pieces with others without their knowledge.

If we are using Airtel 4G dongle, it is recognized as “Dial Up” device by windows 10 and there is no setting available to mark it as “Metered connection”. If we choose to update our laptops while using these dongles, we unwittingly becomes part of peer to peer network sharing updates using valuable limited connection bandwidth.

To save on your bandwidth, make sure to disable “Delivery Optimization” on your laptop. Instructions are given at Disable and Turn Off Windows Delivery Optimization . Failing to do so can give you nasty surprises.

  1. Metered Connection
  2. Delivery Optimization
  3. Airtel 4G Dongle

Reliance Jio intrusive behavior

I took Reliance Jio connection after giving my fingerprint linked to aadhar. Process went very smooth and SIM was given immediately but downside started immediately again.

First of all, one needs to install host of apps to use Jio connection. Not an easy thing for a non technical person.

I never managed to do any phone call using Jio connection during free connection time. Jio would call it promotional but basically, it was to hook users to data usage, nothing promotional about this.

When time came to pay real cash, I chickened out and stpped paying anything and decided to uninstall Jio apps and this finally showed me intrusiveness of Jio apps.

  1. My phone contact lost all sync facilities with Whatspp and other apps
  2. Every app is asking permissions again.
  3. Bluetooth playback for Google maps is not working. After Jio app uninstallation, map is working as usual sending voice overs.

I believe that Jio is installing some rootkit and Man in the middle kind of apps that sits cozily between  OS and apps. It is serious issue and needs to be investigated by a competent authority not they themselves. experience

It has an issue if you have logged into non private Firefox but then tries to login into a private  Firefox instance. This happens even when non private Firefox instance is closed. I had to start non private Firefox again and then log out.

They do not provide good transcripts where link of items mentioned in videos are listed. One need to stop video and then bote down links.

LinkedIn learning is not merged in Lynda and thus it’s not possible to carry over courses from Lynda to LinkedIn learning.

In a learning path, students should be allowed to mark that they know an area.

In non full screen, fonts are not clear.

Search feature could be done better.

How to sign a document without access to printer/scanner?

Sometimes, agencies ask us to sign documents, take the scan and then upload/mail the scanned copy of the signed document. This is definitely better than nail mail but still a bit cumbersome. This will need access to copier (carrying document) or printer (scanned copy is available) or both. In case you do not have these at home and office is clingy about usage, option is to visit a cafe or some such other places.

With smartphones, adobe reader and access to a clean white sheet, you can save these efforts. Read on to know how.

Step 1. Take scan of the document if not already done. On Android phones, use either ‘Microsoft office lens‘ or ‘camscanner‘. Transfer these scanned documents to a cloud storage drive for long term usage or mail to yourself. Upload in PDF format from camscanner.

Step 2. Take a small piece of white paper and sign on it by pen. Take scan of this also and upload on cloud or mail yourself. Upload in JPG format from camscanner.

Step 3. Open scanned document in Adobe Reader and open signature pan. Choose option to sign using image and insert the scanned signature. Done.

Additionally, if you have access to a touch screen laptop, a bit rare case with business laptops, you can directly sign on scanned copy using touch screen and stylus, again a rare thing.

I have done the same while uploading documents to EPFO and they accepted all, so its workable solution. Adobe has done nice work with this feature whereas it puts signature as transparency rather than as white background image. You can even change the size of the signature image.

Strengthening WiFi router security for home network 

My WiFi network got hacked as well as of my neighbors. I had trouble getting reliable network in other parts of house because many unknown devices kept connecting to my network. Same is true with neighbors.

Look at devices names

  • android-d30a64368136fc1 14:1A:A3:8A:8B:4A MOTOROLA MOBILITY LLC, A LENOVO COMPANY
  • android-c84b9e4c6410d964 34:BB:26:08:00:7d Motorola Mobility LLC, USA
  • android-4bda3cc13c03e41e F8:CF:C5:4D:71:58 MOTOROLA MOBILITY LLC, A LENOVO COMPANY
  • android-b2aa46d340f80770 F8:84:F2:D8:00:C2 Samsung Electronics Co.,Ltd, SOUTH KOREA

All these are weirdly named devices that were named as so to avoid being detected. Most probably, MAC addresses are also spoofed one.

I did some research on password crackers tools for WiFi and saw below links. All these claim to be legal but who stopped thieves from using AK 47?

It turns out that first level of attack is via WPS which is open by default on almost all home routers. Another problem factor is DHCP. We do not really need either of these if we can use technology in right way.

Another protection would be to hide broadcasting of SSID name of WiFi network. This will make it a bit difficult to do quick dictionary level attack on network. Most probably, hardware detection would be needed to scan all wifi signal in the vicinity to figure if an unknown WiFi is broadcasting.

Passphrase off course should be somewhere 30 to 40 characters long. 15 character alphanumeric is easy to break.

If living in apartment complex, one good idea would be to check neighbors to see if they are also hacked. Collecting hacker device names from them can help convince society to throw out unwanted elements, read data thieves, from building.

Additionally, MAC filtering can be enabled although it seems that it is very easy to spoof MAC addresses even on mobiles.

Some tools that are useful in detecting hacked WiFi or getting to know if any unknown devices are on network are as follows

  • Fing Android App  This tells the list of devices connected on the WiFi whee the android mobile is connected.
  • Acrylic WiFi can be used to list out the characteristics of WiFis around us. This gives rating of network security and stuff like that. It also tells if WPS is enabled. Disable WPS if you see it enabled for your SSID and see that network safety rating goes up from 2 to 5.
  • WiFi Analyzer is a tool on Android to find out the strength of WiFi signal in graphical manner. If you see too much overlap from other routers. just reboot router once to get new interference free channel.

Modification in Remove-ScriptVariables by

I tried to use the script created at Function: Remove-ScriptVariables – Cleaning Up Script Variables in PowerShell by Pat Richard

There seemed a issue which makes this script unusable. I then made some changes in it. Changes added are for removing ‘SCRIPT‘ from variable names and cleaning the variables in the defined scope of the script.

function Remove-ScriptVariables()
     $result = Get-Content $path |
        ForEach{ if ( $_ -match'(\$.*?)\s*=') {
            $matches[1]  | ? { $_ -notlike'*.*' -and$_ -notmatch'result' -and$_ -notmatch'env:'}
     ForEach($v in ($result | Sort-Object | Get-Unique)){
        Write-Host "Removing" $v.replace("$","")
        Remove-Variable -Name:($v.replace("$","").replace("SCRIPT:","")) `
            -Scope:Script -ErrorAction:SilentlyContinue
} # end function Remove-ScriptVariables

Do ‘Get-Help Remove-variable -full | more’ to know what needs to be passed for Scope. Usually “SCRIPT” should be passed. This function can also be called at end of a function for better control with scope being defined as “LOCAL”. An example of using it as follows. This will remove script level variables created inside the script. Variables created inside a function will anyway be not accessible outside. ‘main’ is the function where I usually keep all my code.

    Remove-ScriptVariables -path:$MyInvocation.MyCommand.Name -scope:"SCRIPT"

Firefox is becoming creepy or at least hinting at

Many a times, I access a website through privacy window even on my [personal laptop and do not want it to appear in my browsing history in any way. Recently, I got a shocker. Entering one such website name in privacy tab, I discovered that there is auto completion going on and that’s looking creeping. After some analysis and trying all of the below, nothing changed. Auto completion continued.

  • Refresh firefox
  • Restart machine
  • Clear browsing data
  • Turn off suggested sites in new tab
  • Stop search engines from suggesting sites
  • Use DuckDuckGo

At the same time, when using Microsoft Edge and Google chrome privacy modes, no such auto complete was happening.

After a while, I came across a Firefox setting which when turned off allowed auto completion to turn off. Those are under Options\Privacy or about:preferences#privacy in new tab. Uncheck all the checkboxes under location bar. It took me some time and that’s scary since normal users cannot figure it easily.


At the same time, I purchased McAfee total security and ran McAfee App Protection on Android mobile. Lo and Behold, its marking Firefox alongside, Adobe Acrobat Reader and Skype and few other well known apps as medium risk application for its tendency to leak PII to third party sources.

Together, these tow are making me averse to Firefox now given that I use it to avoid intrusive detection and that is also the motto of Mozilla. They never gets tired of telling us about this, but seems to be following the different walks than their talk.